総合地誌研 研究叢書 30，pp.233〜260，1997
This study aims to evaluate the applicability and effectiveness of GIS in analyzing the geographical data obtained from developing countries, where the databases for GIS have not well provided. We describe our technical methods and clarify problems on dealing with such data.
For the above-mentioned purpose, we used the data obtained from Census of India (1991) and analyzed the socio-economic regional structure in a sample area which covered Indore Municipality and Pithampur Industrial Growth Center, Madhya Pradesh State.
The statistical data supplied by the Census Office of India at Bhopal is text files contained in 3.5 inch floppy disks. Firstly, we arranged the data format on "Microsoft Excel". Map data was digitized from maps in "District Census Handbook" (1981), because the map of area on the census in 1991 is not published yet. Some village polygons of digitized map were corrected to fit the census data of 1991. Then statistical data and digital map data were coordinated and imported into GIS software "MapInfo".
Using GIS, many choropleth maps can be created easily in a short time. We drew maps on the distribution of population density, castewise population and so on. This mapping function helps us to browse geographical distribution of data. Calculation of data in each 5 km distance belt from Indore Municipality and Pithampur Industrial Growth Center is also available by using buffering function of GIS.
We evaluate the applicability and effectiveness of GIS in regional geographical studies as follows:
In spite of the above-mentioned effective points, the following problems are pointed out:
This study is an experimental analysis. It is important to promote effective application of GIS and find out the new direction of regional geography studies.